What Are The Different Types Of Cryptocurrency?
When bitcoin launched in 2009, it had little – or no – competition in the new mining sector associated with digital currency. which was created by bitcoin to launch its platform and currencies. Suddenly the race to create more crypto had begun.
Understand The Different Types Of Cryptocurrencies
The crypto rush is a financial services explosion that affects not just one country but has taken over the entire world. The belief that cryptocurrency is popular today has become a lull.
One of the reasons why cryptocurrency has captured the hearts, minds, and wallets of so many people is its innovative nature associated with blockchain technology. It is impressive that the concepts associated with blockchain and decentralization can apply not only to finance but can also be applied to other industries, needs, and uses related to our society.
Then there is the rapid pace associated with blockchain technology; For example, money transfers abroad, which used to take between 3 and 5 days via wire transfer, can happen almost instantly – or for a few minutes, on a slower day – with blockchain. The list of reasons associated with the popularity of crypto seems endless. Crypto exemplifies many traits that appeal to both the human imagination and our everyday needs.
In this article, we examine cryptocurrencies in detail, discuss their different types, and highlight 20 coins that have become popular today. Of course, all things change as rapidly as the speed of the crypto blockchain. Therefore, this list may become obsolete before it is published; But don’t worry, we will keep you updated.
How many cryptocurrencies are there?
There are thousands of different types of cryptocurrencies around the world today, and while each is designed to provide some new feature or function, most bitcoins operate on the same underlying principles:
• Cryptocurrencies are not issued, regulated, or backed by a central authority such as a bank or government. They are decentralized, not centralized.
• Cryptocurrencies are created using a distributed ledger (blockchain) and peer-to-peer (P2P) review.
• Bitcoin and other coins are encrypted (secured) with a special computer code called cryptography.
• As an asset, cryptocurrencies are usually stored inside a digital wallet, usually a blockchain wallet, which allows users to manage and trade their coins.
As of March 2022, there were over 18,000 different types of cryptocurrencies for the total market capitalization (market cap) for all cryptocurrencies associated with $2 trillion.
Furthermore, in March 2022, cryptocurrency trading was participated in by approximately 8% of the United States population and, as a continent, Asia had four times more crypto users than any other continent.
Why do so many different cryptocurrencies exist?
Bitcoin can be considered as an alternative means of exchange (such as money), but using crypto as currency is not yet considered legal in all parts of the world, and in some countries, crypto is even banned. , completely. Therefore, many of the 18,000 associated cryptos cannot be used as money or currency at all.
Using powerful blockchain technology, developers can build almost anything. Some crypto coins are used as investment vehicles, stores of value that can be bought, sold, or traded through crypto exchanges.
Many other crypto platforms have purposes that go far beyond simply acting as an exchange of value. Blockchain, in effect, has solved long-standing problems in many sectors of the economy, in addition to finance, including agriculture, cyber security, fine arts, gaming, healthcare, insurance, law, medicine, real estate, and supply chain management. can offer attached.
Another reason is that many types of cryptocurrencies can live in the fear of disappearance (FOMO) factor. Encouraged by the rapid development of crypto during the past few years, a large number of new coins are constantly being issued by entrepreneurs to the crypto market in an effort to capture any potential profits.
What are the different types of cryptocurrency?
Although some people use the terms crypto, coin and token interchangeably, they are not all the same thing. To gain a basic understanding of cryptocurrency, it is important to understand how these terms differ from each other.
Cryptocurrencies generally fall under one of two categories:
• Coins: Can include bitcoin and altcoin (all cryptocurrencies other than bitcoin)
• Tokens: Programmable assets held within the blockchain associated with a given platform
The term altcoin refers to all other cryptocurrencies other than bitcoin. Some of the associated altcoins include mining-based cryptocurrencies, stablecoins, security tokens, and utility tokens.
What are crypto coins?
Crypto coins are strings of computer code that can represent an asset, concept, or project – whether tangible, virtual, or digital – for different uses and with different valuations. Originally, these coins were meant to act as a sort of linked currency.
Cryptocurrencies are not like fiat currencies, for example, the dollar, euro, or yen. Fiat money is tangible; It is governed by central authorities, and acts as a store of value: you can exchange any legal tender for goods and services. But cryptocurrencies – including many of the types of coins we discuss here – can serve many purposes beyond currency. Cryptocurrency as a “currency” is used that merely grazes the surface of the capabilities associated with the blockchain. Because they are built on blockchain technology, few cryptos can offer solutions to long-standing problems in almost every sector of our economy.
What are tokens?
Tokens are typically created and distributed through an initial coin offering (ICO), similar to an initial public offering (IPO) for stocks. They can be represented as:
• Value tokens (eg bitcoin)
• Security tokens (which are similar to stocks)
• Utility tokens (specified for specific uses)
Like the US dollar, tokens represent a value linked, but they are not themselves valued at all, in the same way, that a paper dollar may not have a value of $1. But the token associated with it can be used as a transaction for other things.
A token differs from a coin in the way it is designed within the blockchain of an existing coin, such as bitcoin or Ethereum.
crypto coins vs tokens
When discussing crypto, you will see the words coin and token. Some people use these two interchangeably, but this is a mistake. They are not interchangeable, and it is important to know the difference between a coin and a token.
While coins and tokens are considered cryptocurrencies, they both provide different functions. Coins are created on their own blockchain and were originally created as currency. Generally, any blockchain-based cryptocurrency that is not bitcoin is referred to as an altcoin (more on those below).
A digital coin is built on its own blockchain and functions like fiat (traditional money). Coins can be used to store value and as a means of exchange between two parties involved in doing business with each other. Examples involving coins include bitcoin and litecoin.
But tokens – which are built on existing blockchains (not their own) – can function through many more options than simply acting as currency. In addition to representing an exchange of value, tokens are considered programmable assets on which you can create and execute unique smart contracts. These contracts establish ownership of assets outside the blockchain network.
Tokens can represent units of value – which include real-world objects such as electricity, money, points, coins, digital assets, and more – and can be sent and received. Ether (ETH), which is used for transactions on the Ethereum network, is a token. In another example, the Basic Attention Token (BAT), also designed on Ethereum, is used in digital advertising.
Tokens linked can be used as part of a software application – such as to provide access to an app, to verify identity, or to track products moving through a supply chain, etc. They also represent digital art like non-fungible tokens (NFTs). There have also been experiments to use NFTs to represent physical assets such as real-life art, and real estate.
1. Bitcoin (BTC)
• BTC—Crypto Type: Token
• Market Cap (06/25/22): $410,202,265,385
• Current price of BTC
The clear leader associated with the crypto sector is Bitcoin. It is also the world’s first cryptocurrency. This bitcoin was launched in the year 2009; It was created by an individual (or possibly a group) who goes by the pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto. As of June 2022, there are over 19 million bitcoin tokens in circulation against a limited limit of 21 million. About a thousand new bitcoins are mined every day, bringing bitcoin to its maximum finite number.
In addition, it relies on blockchain technology, a decentralized public ledger that holds a digital record associated with each bitcoin transaction. The original system of cryptography and consensus founded by bitcoin—that is, peer-to-peer (P2P) verification—is the foundation for most forms of crypto involved today.
As a reminder, a P2P network structure within blockchain technology is typically decentralized and designed to work in the best interest of all parties involved, as opposed to primarily benefiting a centralized entity. . A peer-to-peer blockchain network connects multiple computers (or nodes) together so that they can work together. Ideally, P2P platforms are censorship-resistant, open, public networks that allow the sharing of critical data and other functionalities.
Bitcoin miners use powerful computers to verify the blocks associated with the transaction and generate more bitcoins. Bitcoin mining uses a complex, time-consuming process known as Proof of Work (PoW). Recently, the large amount of energy needed to make bitcoins has raised concerns about environmental pollution.
2. Ethereum (ETH)
• ETH—Crypto Type: Token
• Market Cap (06/25/22): $150,833,549,828
• Current price of ETH
Like Bitcoin, Ethereum is a blockchain network. But Ethereum was designed as a programmable blockchain – meaning it was not built to support a currency but allows users connected to the network to create, publish, monetize and create decentralized applications (DApps). Designed to enable deployment. Ether (ETH), the native Ethereum currency, was developed as a payment method on the Ethereum platform. It may be helpful to think of ETH as a kind of fuel that powers the Ethereum blockchain. Ethereum has helped launch many initial coin offerings as many ICOs are designed on the Ethereum blockchain. Ethereum has also been the blockchain behind the boom involving non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
As the two most widely known blockchains and cryptocurrencies, many people often draw direct comparisons to Ethereum and Bitcoin. In fact, bitcoin and Ethereum are designed to achieve many goals, and in many ways can be considered complementary forces. Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer digital cash network that facilitates transactions without the need for a central authority. This new network architecture paves the way for the complex blockchain ecosystem we have today. Ethereum often referred to as the world computer, iterates on the technology associated with bitcoin, introducing smart contracts. Smart contracts allow the creation of dApps that span a wide range of crowdfunding platforms, financial instruments, digital games, and collectibles and those tied to decentralized markets.
As of June 2022, ether was the number two virtual currency after bitcoin. Also similar to BTC, ETH is generated using a PoW system. But unlike bitcoin, there is no limit to the amount of ETH that can be created.
3. Tether (USDT)
• USDT—Crypto Type: Stablecoin
• Market Cap (06/25/22): $66,837,248,865
Tether was the first cryptocurrency to be marketed as a stablecoin – a species related to crypto known as a fiat-collateralized stablecoin. The value associated with Tether is pegged to a fiat currency – in this case, the US dollar. Tether is the largest stablecoin in the entire world; In 2022, most cryptocurrencies were traded using Tether.
Like other stablecoins, Tether is designed to provide users with stability, transparency, and low transaction fees. Tether was not meant to be a speculative investment like some cryptocurrencies; Originally, investors who wanted to avoid the high volatility associated with the crypto market used USDT. Tether is pegged to the US dollar (which is why the ticker is USDT), and it reportedly maintains a 1:1 value against the dollar, although this claim is under some scrutiny.
According to many people, Tether is the lifeblood of the crypto ecosystem. They are worried that if the tether explodes, the entire system will be ruined.
In May 2022, that’s exactly what happened: Tether lost its peg to the dollar, and all cryptocurrencies crashed. In part, this was a result of another stablecoin, the TeraUSD (USD), falling below 30 cents. The wave of panic was evident in the wider crypto market. Because of this crash, many crypto investors tried to cash out their Tether, others tried to exit the asset class altogether, and many lost their investments.
4. USD Coin (USDC)
• USDC Crypto Type: Stablecoin
• Market Cap (06/25/22): $55,887,416,457
The USD coin (USDC) is a digital stablecoin pegged to the US dollar. It works on the Ethereum, Stellar, Algorand, and Solana blockchains. USDC was initially created by the Center Consortium, which includes its two main founding members, Circle and Coinbase. $1 per USDC token is held in reserve and regularly audited by Grant Thornton, a major accounting corporation. USDC was launched in September 2018 and in March 2021 it was announced that Visa would provide a facility to use USDC for settlements on its payment network.
USDC is a stablecoin that runs on the Ethereum blockchain, among many others. It is pegged to the US dollar. Similar to the stablecoin Tether (USDT) described above, the value associated with a USDC is one US dollar – the guaranteed 1:1 ratio makes it a stablecoin linked to the exchange.
As the crypto ecosystem evolved, so did the proliferation of various stablecoins, and many have now become an essential part of the market Stablecoins can be issued by a centralized entity or collateralized in a decentralized manner. They may also use one of several algorithmic mechanisms to maintain a stable price.
The goal associated with holding a stable currency like USDC is to make transactions faster and cheaper. While there are questions about whether the Tether stablecoin is fully backed by US dollar reserves, USDC is more transparent to some investors: monitoring its reserves by the US arm of Grant Thornton, LLC, a global accounting firm it occurs.
5. Binance Coin (BNB)
• BNB—Crypto Type: Coin
• Market Cap (06/25/22): $39,135,965,106
• Current price of BNB
Binance is considered to be one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges connected to the world. Binance Coin (BNB) was created as a utility token to be used as a medium of exchange on Binance. It was initially designed on the Ethereum blockchain but now resides on its own blockchain platform linked to Binance. Originally, BNB allowed traders to receive discounts on trading fees on Binance, but it can now be used for payments, booking travel, entertainment, online services, and financial services.
But, like other digital assets, this crypto platform has also faced regulatory hurdles here and abroad.
BNB was created mostly with 200 million tokens, about half of which were made available to investors at the time of the ICO. Every quarter, in order to increase demand, Binance buys back and then “burns” – permanently destroying, or removing from circulation – some of the coins it holds. A project burns its tokens to reduce the overall supply. The motivation is often to increase the value of the remaining tokens, because whenever the circulating supply falls, the asset’s price tends to rise, and they become more scarce.
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