1-Agriculture Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020
2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Contract Bill 2020 on Price Assurance and Agricultural Services
There is a proposal to make arrangements for contract farming across the country. In case of crop failure, the loss will have to be compensated not by the farmers but by the parties or companies making the agreement. Farmers will sell the crop to the companies at their own cost. This will increase the income of the farmers and the middleman rule will end.
3.Essential Commodities Amendment Bill
The Essential Commodities Act was enacted in 1955. Now the stock limit has been removed on agricultural products like edible oil, oilseeds, pulses, onions and potatoes. Stock limits will be imposed on these only when absolutely necessary. Such situations include unavoidable situations like national calamity, drought. No such stock limit will be applicable for processors or value chain participants. Government control over production, storage and distribution will end.
Also read: Check your name online in PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme 2020 list
Know what are the reasons for the protest
Farmers and traders fear that APMC mandis will be destroyed by these bills. The Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020 states that a farmer can now sell his produce outside the APMC mandis to anyone at which no duty will be levied, while the purchase of agricultural products in the APMC mandis will be allowed in different states. There are different mandi fees and other cesses. Due to this, the arhtiyas and the traders of the market are afraid that no one would like to come to the market when there is no fee business outside the market.
Farmers also fear that after the new law, the government will stop the purchase of crops at MSP. Actually, there is no explanation in the Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, that the purchases made outside the market will not be at a price below the Minimum Support Price (MSP).
Agriculture Bill passed to empower farmers: NITI Aayog
NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar welcomed the passage of two bills related to agriculture sector in the Lok Sabha and said that they will empower the farmers and they will have a huge impact on the future of agriculture.
In one of the tweets, Kumar said, “The Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, was passed in the Lok Sabha. This is a historic day. . He said that for the first time farmers can sell directly from their fields. Within them a sense of enterprise freedom will arise without the risk of being exploited by the merchants.
What do Agri Experts say?
Agri expert Vijay Sardana says that these bills are very beneficial for the farmers. He says that with the implementation of these bills, the income of farmers will increase. Middlemen will be removed from the market and farmers will be able to get a fair price for their crops. In the coming days, rural India (village) will become a hub of investment.
Former Agriculture Secretary Siraj Hussain told ET that with the implementation of the Agriculture Bills, private sector investment in agriculture will increase. But for this, the state governments will also have to create an environment of investment in the agriculture sector. However, in the states of the country where purchases take place at MSP. Farmers are worried that the procurement will stop in the coming days. Apart from this, the state governments are worried that farmers will sell their crops outside the mandis, which will reduce their revenue. That’s why there is opposition.
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